KIM JONG UK

kim-jong-ukSouth Korean Baptist missionary Kim Jong Uk (53) was arrested in North Korea in October 2013 after entering the country with religious materials. In May 2014, he was sentenced to life imprisonment in labour camp.

Before his arrest, Kim Jong Uk (also known as Kim Jung-Wook) worked for seven years in the Chinese port city of Dandong, near the border with North Korea, providing shelter, food and other aid to North Korean refugees and teaching them from the Bible. He reportedly helped some North Korean defectors get to South Korea.

North Korean agents infiltrated his network and convinced him to go into North Korea to find out what had happened to some refugees with whom he had lost contact – according to a Baptist friend in Seoul, Joo Dong-sik, in August 2012 the Chinese authorities had caught a group of twelve North Korean women at Kim Jong Uk’s shelter and repatriated them.

Kim went in on 7 October 2013 with Bibles and other religious materials, and on 8 October he was arrested and interrogated. He was charged with attempting to overthrow the regime and spying for South Korea.

In February 2014, Kim Jong Uk appeared before North Korean media to read a statement apologising for “anti-state crimes”. He said he had spied for the South Korean government, acting under directions from South Korea’s National Intelligence Service (NIS – which, he said, paid him several thousand dollars) and that he had set up an underground church in Dandong to collect information from members on life in North Korea for the NIS. He said he had given money to North Koreans to set up 500 underground churches and to attempt to overthrow the North Korean regime, and stated, “I was thinking of turning North Korea into a religious country, and destroying its present government and political system.”

On 30 May 2014, the Supreme Court tried Kim Jong Uk, found him guilty of spying and attempting to set up an underground church, and sentenced him to life imprisonment in labour camp. After the trial, North Korea’s state news agency KCNA said the defendant confessed to the crimes. The agency reported that prosecutors had sought the death penalty but that the court imposed the life sentence after he had “sincerely repented”.

South Korean newspaper Chosun Ilbo reported that an anonymous source said 33 North Koreans faced execution for alleged contact with Kim Jong Uk. The source said they were accused of trying to overthrow the North Korean regime by working with him to set up 500 underground churches and were to be executed in a cell at the State Security Department. However, this statement has never been confirmed.

TIMELINE

7 October 2013 Kim Jong Uk went into North Korea from China, with religious materials.

8 October 2013 He was arrested and interrogated.

27 February 2014 Kim appeared before North Korean media to read a statement apologising for “anti-state crimes”.

30 May 2014 The Supreme Court tried Kim Jong Uk and found him guilty of spying and attempting to set up an underground church, and sentenced him to life imprisonment in labour camp.

Read more about the persecution of Christians in North Korea.

(Chosun Ilbo, CNN, Guardian, New York Daily Times, New York Times, Release International, World Watch Monitor)